The practical value of metallic currency was soon acknowledged in the East and the West since the 7th century B.C. when the Lydian Empire in western Turkey issued it for the first time. Powerful empires began to issue their own currency. Countries along the Silk Road also issued their currency with the change of dynasties or kings, some of whom even issued several kinds of currency. From the rise and fall of different dynasties we could see different kinds of money.
As they are exquisitely made, the coins have been collected. They are important historical records for understanding the portraits, names, and titles of rulers in different time periods, and their weight and the images on their back are also invaluable materials that demonstrate the traces of trade and cultural exchanges.
Altogether over 3,000 coins are collected in the museum. Among them is a precious gold coin, which is unique in the world and is of great importance in the history of fine arts.